The three BIM Fields overlap as they share players and deliverables. This overlap between fields occurs when:
(1) A deliverable requires players from two or more fields. For example, the development and implementation of Industry Foundation Classes (IFC) across the construction industry require the joint efforts of Policy players (researchers and policy makers) and Technology players (software developers).
(2) Players pertaining to one field generate deliverables classified in another. For example, the Australian Institute of Architects is an ‘industry body’ whose members are Process players (architects) generating Policy deliverables (guidelines and best practices) rather than Process deliverables (building designs and construction details).
Legend: the letters within the model correspond to the following overlaps:
(a) Sample Policy-Process overlap: Industry body (BIM player) and Continuous Professional Development (CPD) training (BIM deliverable);
(b) Sample Policy-Technology overlap: Interoperability standards (BIM deliverable);
(c) Sample Process-Technology overlap: Communities of Practice (BIM player); and
(d) Sample Policy-Process-Technology overlap: BIM Implementation (BIM deliverable), BIM specialists – individuals and groups (BIM players).